Theme 8: “Au Naturel” Sports Without PAES

This Theme acknowledges the drive and motivation for training without any supplementation or drugs. The two Sessions explore what can be achieved without PAES; and whether PAES are necessary for achieving the desired goals. Participants are expected to learn to describe in general terms what outcomes are reasonably expected without the use of PAES in amateur/fitness sports and they are exposed to the concept of late gratification.

In addition to increased awareness of what can and cannot be achieved, the Sessions also offer information on setting realistic and achievable goals and resisting temptations to seek immediate gratification. By, considering personal values and value systems when it comes to make decisions about PAES, this Theme contributes to interactive health literacy by enhancing self-efficacy to make informed and holistic decision about PAES.